China’s new train line to Iran sends message to Trump: We’ll keep trading anyway
While the United States is now urging foreign companies to wind down their operations in Iran, China appears to be doing the opposite. Thursday’s launch of a freight train connection was only the latest measure that Beijing has taken to intensify trade relations with Iran, and there seem to be no plans so far to give in to U.S. demands.
During a media briefing Wednesday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said that Iran and China would “maintain normal economic ties and trade.”
Es besteht die Möglichkeit, daß Bypass-Systeme zum Umgehen von US-Sanktionen sich zunehmend ausbreiten. Das könnte auch für Europa interessant werden.
“The difference is that China has more companies that are isolated from the U.S. market — and possible sanctions,” said King’s College London security fellow Dina Esfandiary. “And even if they aren’t isolated, all the Chinese government has to do is to create new, separate companies.” The same also applies to banks, Esfandiary said.
That’s how China has to some extent managed to circumvent U.S. sanctions in the past and would likely be able replicate this time. Rather than trading in U.S. dollars, China and Europe could use their own currencies, for example. There are also plans to create separate funds and banks the United States would be unable to punish for having ties to Iran.
“The more the United States (overreaches), the more other countries are going to look for ways to set up longstanding systems that U.S. sanctions would no longer be able to affect,” said Esfandiary. In other words: Trump’s Iran decision could weaken U.S. sanctions threats in the long run.
Circumventing sanctions against Tehran worked even at a time when Russia and China both agreed with isolating Iran to some extent over its nuclear program, prior to the 2015 deal. Now, avoiding punitive actions would be even easier, experts agree. “The days of joint international isolation of Iran are over,” said Esfandiary, even though she cautioned that “there is less willingness to anger the U.S. in Europe than there is in China.”
If Europe turns to Chinese know-how to circumvent U.S. sanctions, the United States might find that the country being isolated in this situation is not Iran after all, but itself.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wor ... 06793552de
Aktion - Reaktion. Es wird immer versucht "alternative Wege" zu finden. Die fand die USA auch um Saddam Hussein mit sowjetischer Technik (!) zu beliefern.
The United States assisted Iraq through a military aid program known as "Bear Spares", whereby the U.S. military "made sure that spare parts and ammunition for Soviet or Soviet-style weaponry were available to countries which sought to reduce their dependence on the Soviets for defense needs." According to Howard Teicher's court sworn declaration:
If the "Bear Spares" were manufactured outside the United States, then the U.S. could arrange for the provision of these weapons to a third country without direct involvement. Israel, for example, had a very large stockpile of Soviet weaponry and ammunition captured during its various wars. At the suggestion of the United States, the Israelis would transfer the spare parts and weapons to third countries... Similarly, Egypt manufactured weapons and spare parts from Soviet designs and provided these weapons and ammunition to the Iraqis and other countries.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_St ... g_the_Iran–Iraq_war
Solche "Schurkereien" können Chinesen und Europäer auch. Es werden Netzwerke gebildet, die nur dazu da sind die Handelskriegsführung der USA zu unterlaufen. Das ist alles nicht neu. Die Gefahr aktuell ist, daß bei dem "um sich schmeissen" von Sanktionen durch Trump, daß die Gegenreaktionen so aus dem Boden spriessen, daß die Handelskriegsführung durch Sanktionen damit auf lange Sicht stumpf wird.